Analyzing the causes of the dissolution of the former yugoslav federation from the perspective of ethnicity relations in the conflict of bosnia and. The origins and causes of the inherent ethnic, political, and religious conflicts and antagonisms in bosnia were ultimately caused by the mutually exclusive national and political agendas of the three bosnian factions: the bosnian serbs, the bosnian muslims, and the bosnian croats, all slavic and all speaking serbo-croatian, but all divided by. Thus in the current conflict it is clear that some of the serb leadership, such as general ratko mladic, fall into the first group, while others, like the serb chief of general staff in the bosnian government army, fall into the second. Bosnian conflict: the bosnian conflict was an ethnically rooted war in bosnia and herzegovina that took place from 1992 to 1995 after years of bitter fighting between bosniaks (bosnian muslims), serbs, and croats as well as the yugoslav army, a nato-imposed final cease-fire was negotiated at dayton, ohio, us, in 1995. The purpose of this paper is to identify the historic and political causes for the rwandan genocide through an ethnic lens in order to determine whether ethnic division was really the cause for the atrocities or was rather just a dimension of the conflict.
As one refines the scope of analysis a bit, it becomes more and more apparent that in order to strongly support whether or not this conflict can be looked at solely as an ethnic conflict, indeed lies in isolating and identifying the function of ethnicity and/or ethnic diversity as factors. Using the conflicts in bosnia and in kosovo in the 1990's and early 2000's as examples of muslim-christian relations within the framework of samuel huntington's theory of the. Sarajevo, bosnia and herzegovina — thirteen years after the united states brokered the dayton peace agreement to end the ferocious ethnic war in the former yugoslavia, fears are mounting that. The bosnian war was an international armed conflict that took place in bosnia and herzegovina between 1992 and 1995 following a number of violent incidents in early 1992, the war is commonly viewed as having started on 6 april 1992.
According to christopher kojm, the chairman of the national intelligence council, risk factors include the struggle for natural resources, a history of ethnic conflict, and demographic imbalances. Bosnia‟s peace model is characteristic of an orthodox peace strategy, the applied method being top-down and some bottom-up peacebuilding with a strong international presence in both governance and implementation. In bosnia the government very shortly ended up being a coalition between the three ethnicities before problems started occurringone of the most deadly genocide wars post ww2 was the bosnian conflict and genocide.
In 1991, yugoslavia began to break up along ethnic lines when the republic of bosnia and herzegovina (bosnia) declared independence in 1992 the region quickly became the central theater of fighting the serbs targeted bosniak and croatian civilians in a campaign of ethnic cleansing the war in. In the republic of bosnia-herzegovina, conflict between the three main ethnic groups, the serbs, croats, and muslims, resulted in genocide committed by the serbs against the muslims in bosnia. In many ways, this conflict is the perfect case study for analyzing the complementary roles of politics and religion three major ethnic groups lived in bosnia and herzegovina, none of which constituted a majority of the population. In order to build the adequate paradigm in analyzing the causes of ethnic conflict, it is necessary to highlight two important assumptions first, ethnic conflict is a process, not just an event.
The causes of inter-ethnic conflict in bosnia and herzegovina it is pointless to argue that 'violent ethnic conflict is the result of a complex interaction of incitement and occasional opportunities' [xvii] the causes of an inter-ethnic conflict are too numerous. However, all of the countries face ethnic conflicts with the minority populations, and the governments seem to struggle with the issue of regulating and resolving the conflicts. Students explore the factors that lead to conflictin this conflict resolution lesson, students analyze and evaluate the causes that create conflict or cooperation among people students discuss the results of conflicts and evaluate. The article proposes a multi-dimensional conceptual framework for understanding causes of ethnic conflict, specifically focusing on the case of bosnia and herzegovina i argue that ethnic conflict occurs when a particular. An ethnic conflict is a conflict between two or more contending ethnic groupswhile the source of the conflict may be political, social, economic or religious, the individuals in conflict must expressly fight for their ethnic group's position within society.
Intermarriage between the three principal ethnic groups - muslim bosniaks, catholic croats and orthodox serbs - is far less common that it was before the war, and children in bosnia's two. The psychological theory of ethnic conflict in bosnia this theory rejects the rational choice theory and holds that the social psychological assumptions are the reasons behind ethnic conflict. - the causes of economic instability, political tension, religious and ethnic conflict, migration and or the mobility of people what are the causes and effects of people migrating.
The bosnian war was part of a larger series of wars surrounding the breakup of yugoslavia, which included relatively large wars in croatia and kosovo, and smaller ones in slovenia and macedonia. The article proposes a multi-dimensional conceptual framework for understanding causes of ethnic conflict, specifically focusing on the case of bosnia and herzegovina.
A combination of political turmoil and ethnic tension between serbs and bosnian muslims in the 1990s led to war and the worst genocide in europe since the holocaust. Major causes of the war essentially, the bosnian war was fought because serbs and croats living in bosnia wanted to annex bosnian territory for serbia and croatia respectively. Causes of the bosnian war as yugoslavia started to fall apart in the 1990s, it seemed that disputes between the croats and the serbs threatened to take the entire region to its knees.